What does the word inference mean?

Usage examples for inference

  1. We have already seen that the nature of the change and the relation of the change of structure to the change of conditions necessarily tend to the inference that the latter is the cause of the former. – Hormones and Heredity by J. T. Cunningham
  2. That at least would seem to be a fair inference from the fact of the conspiracy of silence in which ninety per cent of parents have engaged towards the beings they love best. – Men, Women, and God by A. Herbert Gray