What does the word willfulness mean?

Usage examples for willfulness

  1. While she said little to him or to anyone else in his presence, he became aware of the willfulness and joyous lightness which played on her nature's changeable surface. – Alice of Old Vincennes by Maurice Thompson
  2. She dressed herself in a gleeful mode, full of laughing willfulness, Marvel, her maid, superintending in stiff displeasure, for the attire chosen did not meet her approbation. – East Lynne by Mrs. Henry Wood