What does the word thereby mean?

Usage examples for thereby

  1. By His suffering and death, said Osiander, Christ made satisfaction and acquired forgiveness for us, but He did not thereby effect our justification. – Historical Introductions to the Symbolical Books of the Evangelical Lutheran Church by Friedrich Bente
  2. From Kate distinctly then, as to why she was to be pitied, Aunt Maud knew nothing, and was thereby simply putting in evidence the fine side of her own character. – The Wings of the Dove, Volume 1 of 2 by Henry James
  3. But let us so receive it as to be thereby refreshed, not in body merely but in mind. – On Prayer and The Contemplative Life by St. Thomas Aquinas