What does the word hitherto mean?

Usage examples for hitherto

  1. We suppose it will fail, as so many have hitherto. – History of the Postage Stamps of the United States of America by John Kerr Tiffany
  2. It was the middle of summer, so that hitherto I had spent the night either in the woods or in some one or other of the shepherds' huts; but here I saw no signs whatever of any thing like a human habitation, nor in so wild a spot could I hope to find any. – Tales From the 'Phantasus', etc. of Ludwig Tieck by Ludwig Tieck
  3. He is a good fellow, a dear fellow, but, hitherto at least, he has not been stable. – The Love Affairs of Pixie by Mrs George de Horne Vaizey